Alexander Pushkin Biography

Alexander Sergeyevich Pushkin is a renowned Russian writer who was born on June 6, 1799, and died on February 10, 1837. Pushkin’s father, Sergey Pushkin, was of noble birth and his mother, Nadezhda Hannibal, was of Ethiopian and Russian descent. Pushkin was considered a child prodigy, publishing his first poem at the age of 15. He is regarded as the founder of modern Russian literature and is considered to be one of the greatest writers of the Romantic era.

Early Life and Education

Pushkin was born in Moscow, Russia, and was raised in a large family. His parents hired French tutors to educate him and his siblings. Pushkin attended school at the Tsarskoye Selo Lyceum, where he excelled in literature and languages.

Personal Life

Pushkin was married to Natalia Goncharova, who was known for her beauty. They had four children together, but their marriage was not a happy one. Pushkin was known for his many love affairs, and his relationship with his wife was strained. Unfortunately, Pushkin died at the young age of 37 in a duel with his wife’s alleged lover, Georges d’Anthes.

Literary Works

Pushkin is best known for his novel in verse, Eugene Onegin. The novel tells the story of a young man who rejects the love of a young woman and ultimately realizes his mistake too late. The novel is considered a masterpiece of Russian literature and has been adapted into many different forms, including opera and ballet.

Pushkin’s other works include The Queen of Spades, The Captain’s Daughter, and Boris Godunov. His writing was often political and he used his works to criticize the Russian government and society.


Pushkin’s contributions to Russian literature and culture are immeasurable. He is considered the father of modern Russian literature and his works continue to inspire and influence writers and artists to this day. Pushkin’s life and works have been the subject of countless books, plays, and films.

Alexander Pushkin’s famous Books

Name of BookYear of PublicationGenre
Eugene Onegin1833Novel in Verse
The Queen of Spades1834Short Story
Boris Godunov1825Play
The Captain’s Daughter1836Historical Novel
Ruslan and Ludmila1820Poem
The Bronze Horseman1833Poem
Egyptian Nights1835Short Story
The Shot1831Short Story
Mozart and Salieri1830Play
The Gypsies1824Poem
The Covetous Knight1830Fairy Tale
The Tale of Tsar Saltan1831Fairy Tale
The Little Tragedies1830Play
The Fountain of Bakhchisarai1824Poem
Count Nulin1825Short Story
A Feast in Time of Plague1830Poem
The History of Pugachev1834Play
The Moor of Peter the Great1827Play

Pushkin wrote a diverse range of literature, including poetry, plays, short stories, and novels. His most famous work is Eugene Onegin, which is considered a masterpiece of Russian literature. Other notable works include The Queen of Spades, Boris Godunov, and The Captain’s Daughter.

Alexander Pushkin’s most famous quotes

Pushkin’s quotes capture his deep understanding of human nature, love, and the power of words. They are often poetic and thought-provoking, and reflect the depth of his literary and philosophical insights. His work continues to inspire readers and writers alike, and his quotes are widely cited as examples of his brilliance.

“I loved you, and love, perhaps,Eugene Onegin
Has not extinguished in my soul.”
“What is genius? It is the powerThe Bronze Horseman
to be a creature of one’s own time.”
“To love is not a habit – it is aEugene Onegin
“Oh, how bitter a thing it is to look intoThe Queen of Spades
happiness through another man’s eyes.”
“Inspiration is needed in mathematics,Eugene Onegin
just like in poetry.”
“I was born to be a poet – to makeLetter to Pyotr Vyazemsky, 1827
others feel in a language that they would not be able to feel.”
“With people, one can’t always tellEugene Onegin
the truth.”
“Every man has his follies – and oftenThe Captain’s Daughter
they are the most interesting thing he has got.”
“I have written my life in small sketchesLetter to Pyotr Vyazemsky, 1829
a little today, a little yesterday.”

Alexander Pushkin’s most famous Works

Pushkin’s works are a testament to his literary genius, and his ability to capture the essence of human nature and society through his writing. His most famous works, including Eugene Onegin and The Queen of Spades, continue to be studied and admired by literary scholars and enthusiasts around the world. With a focus on love, tragedy, and the complexities of the human experience, Pushkin’s works continue to resonate with readers of all ages and backgrounds.

WorkYear Published
Eugene Onegin1833
The Queen of Spades1834
Boris Godunov1825-1831
The Captain’s Daughter1836
The Bronze Horseman1833
The Tale of Tsar Saltan1831
The Shot1830
Mozart and Salieri1830
The Little Tragedies (collection)1830
Ruslan and Ludmila1820

Alexander Pushkin’s Short Stories list:

Pushkin’s short stories are a testament to his ability to craft engaging, concise narratives that capture the imagination of readers. With a focus on suspense, tragedy, and the complexities of human nature, his short stories continue to be studied and admired by literary scholars and enthusiasts around the world. Each story offers a unique glimpse into the world of 19th-century Russia, and showcases Pushkin’s unmatched ability to craft compelling, memorable characters and narratives.

Short StoryYear Published
The Queen of Spades1834
The Shot1830
The Blizzard1829
The Postmaster1831
The Coffin Maker1831
The Station Master1830
The Lady Peasant1831
The Egyptian Nights1836
The Moor of Peter the Great1827
The Tale of Belkin (collection)1831

In conclusion, Alexander Pushkin was a gifted writer who had a significant impact on Russian literature and culture. He was a complex and flawed individual, but his literary legacy remains strong. Therefore, to clarify, Pushkin’s works continue to be celebrated and studied around the world. Meanwhile, his life serves as a reminder of the power of literature to challenge and inspire. If you want to learn more about Alexander Pushkin, you can visit the Pushkin Museum in Moscow, which houses a collection of his manuscripts and personal belongings.

%d bloggers like this: